Entomofauna asociada a pasturas tropicales Cenchrus ciliaris, Chloris gayana y Megathyrsus maximus


  • Paola Vanessa Sierra-Baquero Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA), Cesar, Colombia
  • Tatiana Sánchez-Doria Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA), Cesar, Colombia
  • Esteban Burbano-Erazo Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA), Cesar, Colombia http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5056-9893




biolgical control, crops, biological diversity


Introduction. Pastures are the primary source of food in livestock systems and can be a suitable niche for insects with beneficial and harmful functions. Objective. To estimate the entomofauna associated with three species of pastures, Cenchrus ciliaris, Chloris gayana, and Megathyrsus maximus, in conditions of the Colombian Caribbean. Materials and methods. Ten samplings were carried out in two contrasting periods (August to October 2018 and January to March 2019), three forage species (Cenchrus ciliaris, Megathyrsus maximus, Chloris gayana) within 1000 m2 were used. Arthropods were identified by order and family and typified by functional groups. Diversity and abundance indices by pasture and season were estimated, as well as their correlation with climate. A simple correspondence analysis was performed. Results. A total of 380 insects from 7 orders and 35 families were collected, with the greatest abundance for Hemiptera and Coleoptera. The Shannon’s diversity index was higher for all orders of C. gayana, except for Hemiptera in C. ciliaris. Phytophages were found in a higher percentage (66.84 %), followed by predators (27.11 %). Insect abundance was influenced by the interaction between season and pasture, showing an increase at low temperatures, except for M. maximus. Pastures represented adequate microenvironments to maintain the diversity of insects, the Hemiptera and Coleoptera orders being the most numerous and representative of the functional groups of phytophages and predators, respectively. Conclusion. The entomofauna of C. gayanaC. ciliaris, and M. maximus was similar in insect abundance and diversity, however, insect abundance depended on the influence of the season and pastures.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Esteban Burbano-Erazo, Corporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA), Cesar, Colombia

Universidad Nacional de Colombia, campus Palmira; Research Group on Neotropical Plant Genetic Resources – GIRFIN


Alomar, O., & Albajes, R. (2005). Control biológico de plagas: Biodiversidad funcional y gestión del agroecosistema. Biojournal, 1, 1–10. https://bit.ly/3VQ3KnO

Alothman, M., Hogan, S. A., Hennessy, D., Dillon, P., Kilcawley, K. N., O’Donovan, M., Tobin, J., Fenelon, M. A., & O’Callaghan, T. F. (2019). The “grass-fed” milk story: Understanding the impact of pasture feeding on the composition and quality of bovine milk. Foods, 8(8), Article 350. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods8080350

Altieri, M. A., & Nicholls, C. I. (2012). Diseños agroecológicos para potenciar el control biológico de plagas: Incrementando la biodiversidad de entomofauna benéfica en agroecosistemas. Editorial Académica Española.

Barragán-Hernández, W. A., & Cajas-Girón, Y. S. (2019). Cambios bromatológicos y estructurales en Megathyrsus maximus bajo cuatro arreglos silvopastoriles. Revista Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria, 20(2), 231–244. https://doi.org/10.21930/rcta.vol20_num2_art:1458

Barnett, K. L., & Facey, S. L. (2016). Grasslands, invertebrates, and precipitation: a review of the effects of climate change. Frontier in Plan Science, 7, Article 1196. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01196

Caraballo-Gracia, P. R., Martinez-Prada, S., & Salcedo-Diaz, A. (2019). Relaciones tróficas en un agroecosistema de la región Sabanas, Sucre, Colombia. Pastos y Forrajes, 42(2), 152–160. https://payfo.ihatuey.cu/index.php?journal=pasto&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=2087

Collinge, S. K., Prudic, K., & Oliver, J. C. (2003). Effects of local habitat characteristics and landscape context on grassland butterfly diversity. Conservation Biology, 17(1), 178–187. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2003.01315.x

Di-Rienzo, J. A., Casanoves, F., Balzarini, M. G., González, L., & Tablada, M. (2020). InfoStat versión 2020. https://www.infostat.com.ar/

Diaz, L., Moreno-Elcure, F., & Jaramillo, C. (2017, setiembre 12-15). Estudio de la diversidad funcional entomológica asociada a agroecosistemas con manejo agroecológico [Ponencia]. VI Congreso Latinoamericano de Agroecología; X Congreso Brasileño de Agroecología; V Seminario de Agroecología del Distrito Federal y Alrededores, Brasilia, DF, Brasil. http://cadernos.aba-agroecologia.org.br/cadernos/article/view/2476

Giraldo, C., Reyes, L. K., & Molina, J. J. (2011). Manejo integrado de artrópodos y parásitos en sistemas Silvopastoriles intensivo [Manual 2]. Centro para la investigación en Sistemas Sostenibles de Producción Agropecuaria. https://bit.ly/3X84czj

Gullan, P. J., & Cranston, P. S. (2014). The insects: an outline of entomology (5th ed.). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1093/ae/tmw008

Hammer, O., Harper, D. A. T., & Ryan, P. D. (2001). Past: Paleontological Statistics software package for education and data analysis. Paleontologia Electronica, 4(1), Article 4. https://palaeo-electronica.org/2001_1/past/issue1_01.htm

Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales. (2020). Geoportal, Descargue aquí la información geográfica de datos abiertos del IDEAM. http://www.ideam.gov.co/geoportal

Jarvis, D. I., Padoch, C., & Cooper, H. D. (2011). Manejo de la agrobiodiversidad en los ecosistemas agrícolas (Walter, A., Trad.). Bioversity International.

Kasper, M. L., Reeson, A. F., Mackay, D. A., & Austin, A. D. (2008). Environmental factors influencing daily foraging activity of Vespula germanica (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in Mediterranean Australia. Insectes Sociaux, 55, 288–295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00040-008-1004-7

Lee, C. M., & Kwon T. -S. (2013). Community structure, species diversity of insect (ants, ground beetles), and forest health in the Hongneung forest. Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science, 102(1), 97–106. https://doi.org/10.14578/jkfs.2013.102.1.097

Margalef, M. (1956). Información y diversidad específica en las comunidades de organismos. Investigación Pesquera, 3, 99–106. http://scimar.icm.csic.es/scimar/index.php/secId/6/IdArt/1457/

Moreno, C. E. (2001). Métodos para medir la biodiversidad. Programa Iberoamericano de Ciencia y Tecnología para el Desarrollo. http://entomologia.rediris.es/sea/manytes/metodos.pdf

New, T. R. (2019). Insect conservation and Australia’s grasslands. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22780-7

Negawo, A. T., Assefa, Y., Hanson, J., Abdena, A., Muktar, M. S., Habte, E., Sartie, A. M., & Jones, C. S. (2020). Genotyping-by-sequencing reveals population structure and genetic diversity of a Buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.). Diversity, 12(3), Article 88. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12030088

Ojija, F., Sapeck, E., & Mnyalape, T. (2016). Diversity analysis of insect fauna in grassland and woodland community at Mbeya University of sciences and Technology. Tanzania. Journal of Scientific an Engineering Research, 3(4), 187–197. http://jsaer.com/download/vol-3-iss-4-2016/JSAER2016-03-04-187-197.pdf

Patel, N. (2015, November 20-24). Abundance, diversity and importance of some insects in grasslands of Indian arid zone [Paper presentation]. The XXIII International Grassland Congress, Nueva Delhi, India.

Rainio, J., & Niemelä, J. (2003). Ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) as bioindicators. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12, 487–506. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022412617568

Rákosy, L., & Schmitt, Z. (2011). Are butterflies and moths suitable ecological indicator systems for restoration measures of semi-natural calcareous grassland habitats? Ecological Indicators, 11(5), 1040–1045. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2010.10.010

R Core Team. (2020). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation. http://www.rstudio.com/

Shannon, C. E. (1948). A mathematical theory of communication. The Bell System Technical Journal, 27(3), 379–423. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1538-7305.1948.tb01338.x

Simpson, E. H. (1949). Measurement of diversity. Nature, 163, 688. https://doi.org/10.1038/163688a0

Statistical Analysis Systems Institute. (2013). The SAS system for Windows [Release 9.4.]. SAS Institute Inc. https://www.sas.com/es_mx/software/stat.html

Szwedo, J. (2018). The unity, diversity and conformity of bugs (Hemiptera) through time. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 107(2–3), 109–128. https://doi.org/10.1017/S175569101700038X

Uhler, J., Haase, P., Hoffmann, L., Hothorn, T., Schmidl, J., Stoll, S., Welti, E., Buse, J., & Müller, J. (2022). A comparison of different Malaise trap types. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 15(6), 666–672. https://doi.org/10.1111/icad.12604

Valerio, J. R., Cardona, C., Peck, D. C., & Sotelo, G. (2001, February 11-21). Spittlebugs: bioecology, host plant resistance and advance s in IPM [Conference presentation]. The XIX International Grassland Congress, São Pedro, São Paulo, Brazil. https://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4067&context=igc

Whiles, M. R., & Charlton, R. E. (2006). The ecological significance of tallgrass prairie arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology, 51, 387–412. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.51.110104.151136

Yarupaita Echevarria, B. F. (2016). Influencia de los factores climatológicos sobre la dinâmica poblacional de Trichogonia costata Signoret en Buddleja incana – Chongos bajo – Chupaca [Tesis de pregrado, Universidad Nacional del Centro del Perú]. Repositorio de la Universidad Nacional del Centro del Perú. https://bit.ly/3VMV80Z

Zumbado Arrieta, M., & Azofeifa Jiménez, D. (2018). Insectos de importancia agrícola. Guía básica de entomología (1ª ed.). Programa Nacional de Agricultura Orgánica. http://www.mag.go.cr/bibliotecavirtual/H10-10951.pdf



How to Cite

Sierra-Baquero, P. V., Sánchez-Doria, T., & Burbano-Erazo, E. (2023). Entomofauna asociada a pasturas tropicales Cenchrus ciliaris, Chloris gayana y Megathyrsus maximus. Agronomía Mesoamericana, 34(2), 50757. https://doi.org/10.15517/am.v34i2.50757

Most read articles by the same author(s)