Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) value chain in East Java, Indonesia




coffee bean, commodity value, farmers, upgrading, value chain


Introduction. Coffee plantations are one of the growing agriculture sub-sectors and a high coffee production should be based on proper processing and marketing. Objective. To analyze the updates of products, processes, functions, and upgrading of the robusta coffee value chain in East Java. Materials and methods. This study was conducted in the Robusta coffee plantations in the Bondowoso, Jember, Lumajang, Pasuruan, Malang, and Ngawi districts in East Java, Indonesia, between October 2019 and March 2020. The quota sampling technique was used, followed by surveys and interviews. The number of respondents was 120 people who were actors in the coffee value chain, such as farmers, coffee cherry collectors, coffee cherry grinders, green bean grinders, and consumers. Results. The results showed that product, function, and channel upgrading had a significant effect on the coffee value chain, but the upgrading process did not significantly affect it in several regions on East Java. Conclusions. There is a need for innovation to enhance the coffee value chain in order to deliver future benefits to all stakeholders in this market.


Download data is not yet available.


Aimin, W., & Shunxi, L. (2011). A model of value chain management based on customer relationship management. Journal on Innovation and Sustainability, 2(3), 17–21.

Asrol, M. M. M. (2018). Mitigasi risiko dan peningkatan nilai tambah pada rantai pasok agroindustri gula tebu [Master’s Thesis, IPB University]. Scientific Repository of the IPB University.

Bandula, A., Jayaweera, C., De Silva, A., Oreiley, P., Karunarathne, A., & Malkanthi, S. H. P. (2016). Role of underutilized crop value chains in rural food and income security in Sri Lanka. Procedia Food Science, 6, 267–270.

Bille, P. G., Shikongo-Nambabi, M., & Cheikhyoussef, A. (2013). Value addition and processed products of three indigenous fruits in Namibia. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 13(1), 7192–7212.

Briones, R. M. (2015). Small farmers in high value chains, Binding or relaxing constraints to inclusive growth? World Development, 72, 43–52.

Centerholt, V., Mattsson, S., & Rälg, F. (2019). From egosystem to ecosystem, how a 150-year old manufacturing firm is taking on the world of Internet of Things. Procedia Manufacturing, 38, 471–477.

De Marchi, V., Di Maria, E., & Micelli, S. (2013). Environmental strategies, upgrading and competitive advantage in global value chains. Business Strategy and the Environment, 22(1), 62–72.

Dewi, A. D. R., & Susanto, W. H. (2013). Pembuatan lempok pisang (Kajian jenis pisang dan konsentrasi madu). Jurnal Pangan dan Agroindustri, 1(1), 101–114.

Donovan, J., & Poole, N. (2013). Asset building in response to value chain development: lessons from taro producers in Nicaragua. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 11(1), 23–37.

Donovan, J., & Poole, N. (2014). Changing asset endowments and smallholder participation in higher value markets: Evidence from certified coffee producers in Nicaragua. Food Policy, 44, 1–13.

Gan, S. S., Pujawana, I. N., Suparno., & Widodo, B. (2015). Pricing decision model for new and remanufactured short-life cycle products with time-dependent demand. Operations Research Perspectives, 2, 1–12.

Hober, B., & Schaarschmidt, M. (2017). Transforming from service providers to solution providers: Implications for provider-customer relationships and customer-induced solution innovation. International Journal of Technology Management, 73(1/2/3), 65–90.

Horvat, A., Antic, S., & Jeremic, V. (2015). A new perspective on quality characteristics determining supply chain management of coffee production. Inzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics, 26(3), 239–244.

Humphrey, J., & Schmitz, H. (2000). Governance and upgrading: linking industrial cluster and global value chain research. Institute of Development Studies.

Kähkönen, A., & Lintukangas, K. (2012). The underlying potential of supply management in value creation. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 18(2), 68–75.

Kaweera, C., Yawiloeng, R., & Tachom, K. (2019). Individual, pair and group writing activity: A case study of undergraduate EFL student writing. English Language Teaching, 12(10), 1–13.

Kock, N. (2013). Using WarpPLS in E-Collaboration Studies: What if I Have Only One Group and One Condition? International Journal of e-Collaboration, 9(3), 1–12.

Kolapo, A., & Kolapo, A. J. (2021). Welfare and productivity impact of adoption of biofortified cassava by smallholder farmers in Nigeria. Cogent Food and Agriculture, 7(1), Article 1886662.

Makmun, K. (2017). Psikologi belajar (1st Ed.). Aswaja Pressindo.

Matzler, K., Bailom, F., von den Eichen, S. F., & Kohler, T. (2013). Business model innovation, coffee triumphs for Nespresso. Journal of Business Strategy, 34(2), 30–37.

Millard, E. (2011). Incorporating agroforestry approaches into commodity value chains. Environmental Management, 48, 365–377.

Neilson, J., Labaste, P., & Jaffee, S. (2015). Towards A More Competitive and Dynamic Value Chain for Indonesian Coffee [Working Paper No. 7]. World Bank.

Noviantari, K., Hasyim, A. I., & Rosanti, N. (2015). Analisis rantai pasok dan nilai tambah agroindustri kopi luwak di Provinsi Lampung. Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Agribisnis: Journal of Agribusiness Science, 3(1), 10–17.

O’Hara, J. K., & Low, S. A. (2020). Oneline sales: A direct marketing opportunity for rural farms? Journal of Agricultural & Applied Economics, 52, 222–223.

Olechno, E., Puscion-Jakubik, A., Zujko, M. E., & Socha, K. (2021). Influence of various factors on caffeine content in coffee brews. Foods, 10, Article 1208.

Permatasari, P. C., Basith, A., & Mulyati, H. (2017). Model bisnis inklusif rantai nilai kopi arabika di Bondowoso Jawa Timur. Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi, 17(2), 111–125.

Puja Puspito D., Kusnandar, K., & Setyowati, N. (2016). Analisis rantai nilai ubi kayu (Manihot esculeta crantz) di Kabupaten Pati. Caraka Tani – Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 31(2), 94–101.

Puspita, C. (2013). Analisis Nilai Tambah dan Pengembangan Produk Olahan Kopi di Desa Sidomulyo Kecamatan Silo Kabupaten Jember [Undergraduate’s Thesis, Universitas Jember]. Repository Universitas Jember.

Reswita, R. (2016). Pendapatan dan nilai tambah usaha kopi bubuk robusta di Kabupaten Lebong (Studi kasus pada usaha kopi bubuk Cap Padi). Jurnal Agrisep, 15(2), 255–261.

Rousseau, K., Gautier, D., & Wardell, D. A. (2015). Coping with the upheavals of globalization in the shea value chain: The maintenance and relevance of upstream shea nut supply chain organization in Western Burkina Faso. World Development, 66, 413–427.

Şerbănel, C. I. (2015). Romania and its position on the global value chain. An introductive analysis. Procedia Economics and Finance, 27, 136–143.

Shakerian, H., Dehnavi, H. D., & Shateri, F. (2016). A framework for the implementation of knowledge management in supply chain management. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 230, 176–183.

Simatupang, T. M., Piboonrungroj, P., & Williams, S. J., (2017). The emergence of value chain thingking. International Journal of Value Chain Management, 8(1), 40–57.

Simon, A., Bernardo, M., Karapetrovic, S., & Casadesus, M. (2012). Implementing integrated management systems in chemical firms. Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, 24(3–4), 294-309.

Souza Piao, R., Fonseca, L., de Carvalho Januário, E., Macchione Saes, M. S., & Florencio de Almeida, L. (2019). The adoption of Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSS) and value chain upgrading in the Brazilian coffee production context. Journal of Rural Studies, 71, 13–22.

Stellarosa, Y., & Ikhsano, A. (2015). Media and the shaping of consumer society in Jakarta. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 211, 407–410.

Sualeh, A., Tolessa, K., & Mohammed, A. (2020). Biochemical composition of green and roasted coffee beans and their association with coffee quality from different districts of southwest Ethiopia. Heliyon, 6, Article e05812.

Taufik, P., Ratya, A., & Suhartini. (2018). Value Chain Analysis of Coffee Industry: A Case of Java Preanger Coffee in West Java, Indonesia. Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, 1(73), 163–170.



How to Cite

Winarno, S. T., & Harijani, W. S. (2022). Robusta coffee (Coffea canephora) value chain in East Java, Indonesia. Agronomía Mesoamericana, 33(3), 48082.