Revista de Biología Tropical ISSN Impreso: 0034-7744 ISSN electrónico: 2215-2075

Population assessment of the American crocodile, <i>Crocodylus acutus</i> (Crocodilia: Crocodylidae) on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica




american crocodile
crocodylus acutus
costa rica
encounter rates
population surveys
size class distribution
cocodrilo americano
crocodylus acutus
costa rica
promedio de encuentros
distribución por clases de tamaño

How to Cite

Mauger, L. A., Velez, E., Cherkiss, M. S., Brien, M. L., Boston, M., Mazzotti, F. J., & Spotila, J. R. (2012). Population assessment of the American crocodile, <i>Crocodylus acutus</i> (Crocodilia: Crocodylidae) on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Revista De Biología Tropical, 60(4), 1889–1901. (Original work published October 4, 2012)


The American crocodile, Crocodylus acutus, is widely distributed in the American neotropics. It is endangered throughout most of its range and is listed as vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Natural Fauna and Flora (IUCN) and on Appendix I of the Convention for the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). Despite this listing, there are few published reports on population status throughout most of its range. We investigated the status of the C. acutus, at several locations along the Pacific coast of Costa Rica. We carried out spotlight and nesting surveys from 2007-2009 along the Costa Rican Pacific coast in four distinct areas, coastal areas of Las Baulas (N=40) and Santa Rosa (N=9) National Parks and the Osa Conservation Area (N=13), and upriver in Palo Verde National Park (N=11). We recorded crocodile locations and standard environmental data at each observation. Encounter rates, popula- tion structure, distribution within each area and data on successful nesting (presence of hatchlings, nests, etc) were determined. We attempted to capture all crocodiles to record standard morphometrics. A total of 586 croco- diles were observed along 185.8km of survey route. The majority of animals encountered (54.9%) were either hatchlings (<0.5m) or juveniles (0.5-1.25m). The average non-hatchling encounter rate per survey for the Pacific coast was 3.1 crocodiles/km, with individual encounter rates ranging from 1.2 crocodiles/km to 4.3 crocodiles/ km in Las Baulas National Park and the Osa Conservation Area respectively. Distribution of size classes within the individual locations did not differ with the exception of Santa Rosa and Las Baulas National Parks, where hatchlings were found in water with lower salinities. These were the first systematic surveys in several of the areas studied and additional work is needed to further characterize the American crocodile population in Costa Rica.


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