New species and nomenclatural notes in <i>Acianthera</i> from Brazil


  • Antonio Toscano de Bito Marie Selby Botanical Gardens, 811 South Palm Avenue, Sarasota, FL 34236-7726 U.S.A.
  • Carlyle Luer Missouri Botanical Garden, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, U.S.A.



Acianthera bidentula, Acianthera calopedilon, Acianthera cephalopodiglossa, Acianthera saundersiana, Acianthera serpentula, Acianthera velteniana, Pleurothallidinae


Two new Brazilian species of the orchid genus Acianthera, Acianthera calopedilon and Acianthera cephalopodiglossa, are described and illustrated. The identities of Acianthera bidentula, Acianthera saundersiana, and Acianthera serpentula are discussed. Acianthera velteniana, recently described for Espírito Santo, is placed in the synonymy of Acianthera bidentula. An epitype is selected for Pleurothallis saundersiana and a lectotype for Pleurothallis serpentula. Updated synonymy lists are provided for the taxa treated in the article. 


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How to Cite

Toscano de Bito, A., & Luer, C. (2015). New species and nomenclatural notes in &lt;i&gt;Acianthera&lt;/i&gt; from Brazil. Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology, 15(1).