Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology 2023-11-16T13:17:46-06:00 Diego Bogarín Open Journal Systems <p><a href="">LANKESTERIANA</a>, the Scientific Journal of <a href="">Jardín Botánico Lankester</a> - Universidad de Costa Rica, is devoted to the publication of original contributions on orchidology, including orchid systematics, ecology, evolution, anatomy, physiology, history, etc., as well as reviews of books and conferences on these topics. Short communications and commentaries are also accepted and should be titled as such. The official language of the journal is English (papers are published with a Spanish summary), and manuscripts submitted in Spanish will be considered case by case. Manuscripts are evaluated critically by two or more external referees, in double-blind mode. </p> <p>Through <a href=""><strong>Early View</strong></a>, Lankesteriana is committed to considering shortening the times requested for effective publication of scientific, peer-reviewed papers, for the benefit of both the authors and the readers of the journal. The papers in this section of Lankesteriana receive an individual DOI and are published online as soon as the editorial process is concluded positively. They represent early views of the final papers exactly as they will be included in the hard-printed, complete issue of the journal. The effective date of publication of each paper is established by the date of its first publication online, which is recorded on the front page of the paper both in its online and hard-printed versions. The printed version of LANKESTERIANA is published periodically in volumes by the Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica. Each volume is made up of three issues published in April (covers the period from January to April), August (covers from May to August), and December (covers from September to December).</p> <p>LANKESTERIANA is indexed by Clarivate Biosis, <a href=";pid=1409-3871&amp;lng=en&amp;nrm=iso">SciELO</a>, <a href="">Scopus</a>, <a href=";context=L&amp;vid=01USC_INST:01USC&amp;lang=en&amp;search_scope=MyInstitution&amp;adaptor=Local%20Search%20Engine&amp;tab=LibraryCatalog&amp;query=any,contains,lankesteriana&amp;sortby=rank&amp;offset=0">Scirus</a>, <a href=";colors=3&amp;lang=en&amp;jour_id=125187">WZB</a>, <a href="">Redalyc</a>, <a href="">DOAJ</a>, <a href=";acc_sequence=000666735">PERIODICA</a>, <a href="">BIBLAT</a>, <a href="">The Latindex Directory</a>, and it is included in databases such as <a href="">E-journals</a>, Ebookbrowse, FAO Online Catalogues, CiteBank, Mendeley, WorldCat, <a href="">Core Electronic Journals Library</a>, and Biodiversity Heritage Library, and in the electronic resources of the <a href="">Columbia University</a>, the <a href="">University of Florida</a>, the University of Hamburg, and the <a href="">Smithsonian Institution</a>, among others. </p> <p class="p1">The Lankester Botanical Garden is a research center of the University of Costa Rica, LANKESTERIANA´ s publishing institution, which holds the copyright and publishing rights of every contribution, under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 Costa Rica license (<a href="">CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 CR</a>).</p> <p>Postmaster: Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica, P.O. Box 302-7050 Cartago, Costa Rica, C.A.</p> <p>ISSN-e: 2215-2067 | ISSN 1409-3871</p> Additions to orchid flora of Bhutan III: <i>Paphiopedilum × pradhanii</i> 2023-10-09T15:12:43-06:00 Phub Dorji Phub Gyeltshen Kezang Tobgay Sherab Dorji Ugyen Dorji Sha Kinley Doya Pankaj Kumar <div><em><span lang="EN-US">Paphiopedilum&nbsp;</span></em>× <em>pradhanii, </em>a natural hybrid between&nbsp;<em><span lang="EN-US">P. fairrieanum &nbsp;</span></em><span lang="EN-US">(subgenus <em>Paphiopedilum</em>, section <em>Ceratopetalum</em>) and <em>P. venustum </em>(subgenus <em>Paphiopedilum</em>, section <em>Barbata</em>), is reported for the first time from Bhutan. Detailed geographical distribution, ecology, and conservation status, and dichotomous keys to all <em>Paphiopedilum</em> species found in Bhutan are provided. A brief description of the parents of this hybrid is also provided.</span></div> 2023-10-10T00:00:00-06:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica The fragrant orchid <i>Vanilla chamissonis</i>: an appraisal of the genetic structure of wild populations from Osununú Natural Reserve (Misiones, Argentina) 2023-09-11T11:39:53-06:00 Jimena Cascales Carolina Paris Alexandra Gottlieb <p>Due to diverse factors the commercial crops of vanilla are highly vulnerable to genetic erosion. The species <em>Vanilla chamissonis</em> Klotzsch has been shown to produce interesting bioeconomic compounds that could diversify the market. In Argentina, the distribution of this fragrant orchid is restricted to specific north-eastern regions, like the Osununú Natural Reserve (at San Ignacio, Misiones), where it grows wildly in sectors (nuclei). This germplasm represents a locally adapted endemism, and thus is a valuable resource worth preserving. Herein, the genetic characterization of unexplored <em>V. chamissonis´ </em>germplasm was accomplished; as well, the specimens´ molecular identification was assessed in a phylogenetic context using nuclear and chloroplastidial markers. The genotyping exposed that, at least, four gene pools contribute to the genetic diversity of these plants, and that ca. 81% of total genetic variation is allocated within populations. Present results suggest a predominance of sexual reproduction, that population N1 emerges as a candidate unit worth conserving, and that a genetic discontinuity was evidenced between northeastern and southwestern nuclei due to their different genetic constitutions. In concurrence, a tenuous isolation by distance was also unveiled. Our phylogenetic results suggest that it is appropriate to consider the vanilla germplasm surveyed as <em>V. chamissonis</em>. The basic knowledge generated in this work will aid in guiding the in-situ conservation and management initiative, ongoing at the Osununú´s reserve.</p> 2023-11-06T00:00:00-06:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology Floral visitors of three species of <i>Corallorhiza</i> in Monte Tláloc, Texcoco, Estado De México, Mexico 2023-11-16T13:17:46-06:00 Bruno E. Téllez-Baños Ivonne N. Gomez-Escamilla Alejandro Navarrete-Jiménez Adolfo Espejo-Serna Ana R. López-Ferrari <p><em>Corallorhiza</em> is a genus of mycoheterotrophic orchids that includes 12 species, most of them restricted to North and Central America. In Mexico, there are seven taxa, distributed throughout the country, except for seven of the 32 Mexican states; in Estado de México all of them are present. The Orchidaceae is known for its diversity of pollination syndromes; however, for the more than 200 species of mycoheterotrophic orchids, little has been studied about their floral visitors and pollinators, and for the Mexican species of <em>Corallorhiza</em> nothing is known to date. Our goal was to document photographically and identify all the floral visitors of three sympatric species of the genus in Monte Tláloc, municipality of Texcoco, Estado de México. We observed individuals of Araneae, Coleoptera, Diptera, Hemiptera, and Hymenoptera visiting flowers of <em>Corallorhiza macrantha, C. macrantha × C. maculata,</em> <em>C. maculata</em>, and <em>C. striata</em>. Only <em>Ocyptamus coeruleus</em> and <em>Platycheirus</em> sp. (Diptera: Syrphidae) were found carrying pollinaria on their thorax. These are the first records of potential pollinators for the genus <em>Corallorhiza</em> in Mexico.</p> 2023-11-21T00:00:00-06:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Lankester Botanical Garden, University of Costa Rica A A new species of <i>Catasetum</i> (Cymbidieae: Catasetinae) from the Colombian Amazonia 2023-04-13T15:03:53-06:00 R. Alexis Calderón Álvarez Miguel M. Bonilla Morales <p>A new species, <em>Catasetum caquetense</em> from the Caquetá department of the Colombian Amazonia, is described and illustrated. <em>Catasetum caquetense</em> is morphologically distinct from similar species such as <em>C. tuberculatum </em>in its rectangular, entire, denticulate, prominent apiculate basal callus surrounded by inconspicuous crown-shaped protrusions with an extra callus towards the apex that partially narrows towards the mid-lip. Information about its distribution, ecology, habitat, and taxonomic comments on morphologically similar species is also provided. With this addition, the genus comprises eight species in the department of Caquetá.</p> 2023-11-24T00:00:00-06:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Lankesteriana: International Journal on Orchidology